Bolivia Evo Morales fresh election,”manipulations” to election.
Bolivian President Evo Morales on Sunday called for fresh elections after the Organization of American States (OAS) found grave irregularities in the October vote.
He said the upcoming presidential election would take place under a reformed electoral body. Critics have accused electoral authorities of handing an outright victory to Morales despite his failure to garner enough ballots to avoid a second-round vote.
“I have decided to call for new national elections so that the Bolivian people can elect its new government in a democratic manner,” he was quoted as saying.
Calls for Morales to step down
Bolivian Senator Oscar Ortiz of the Social Democratic Movement told local media that “those who committed fraud” should exclude themselves from the upcoming electoral race.
Ortiz called on Morales to respect the results of a failed referendum earlier this year to expand presidential terms. He said Morales should recognize that he shouldn’t run for office. Opposition candidate Carlos Mesa backed that view.
The electoral body “isn’t the only one responsible for the fraud,” Ortis said.
Morales has not yet said whether he will run again, but previously accused the opposition of trying to stage a “coup” against him.
In its damning report published earlier Sunday, the OAS said it was statistically unlikely that Morales had captured a 10-percentage-point lead. Under Bolivian law, such a lead would secure an outright victory for the candidate and prevent a second-round vote.
“The manipulations to the computer systems are of such magnitude that they must be deeply investigated by the Bolivian State to get to the bottom of and assign responsibility in this serious case,” the OAS report said.
“The first round of elections held on October 20 must be annulled and the electoral process must begin again.”
The protests over electoral transparency and Morales’ subsequent announcement also come after nearly a month of demonstrations, some violent, in the area of Potosi, where a joint Bolivian-German venture had planned to build a factory for electric vehicle batteries and a lithium hydroxide plant.
The Salar de Uyuni in the southwestern part of the country is the largest salt flat in the world, and also believed to be the world’s largest unexploited lithium reserve.
The project would have met a key need for battery metals such as cobalt, nickel and lithium, as the German auto industry scrambles to build more electric cars and cut greenhouse gas emissions. It was, however, canceled earlier this month by the Bolivian government.
The Potosi Civic Committee, which had been organizing the demonstrations, said that the project would not benefit local communities and that profits would go only toward government elites and foreign firms.