Heavy shelling rocked the capital of Ethiopia’s Tigray region Saturday as the city of half a million braced for an all-out offensive by government forces against its dissident leaders.
Ethiopia’s military “has started hitting with heavy weaponry and artillery the centre of Mekele”, the local government said. Two humanitarian officials with staff in the city confirmed the strikes.
“The Tigray regional state calls upon all who have a clear conscience, including the international community, to condemn the artillery and warplane attacks and massacres being committed,” the statement said.
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, winner of last year’s Nobel Peace Prize, announced November 4 he had ordered military operations against Tigray’s ruling party, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF).
More than three weeks of fierce fighting has left thousands dead. Tens of thousands have streamed over the border into Sudan, and displacement within Tigray is believed to be widespread.
Abiy announced Thursday he had ordered a “final” offensive and Ethiopia’s military says it has encircled Mekele.
A communications blackout in Tigray has made it difficult to verify claims about how the fighting is going.
A spokesman for a crisis committee formed in response to hostilities in Tigray did not respond to a request for comment about reported shelling in Mekele, which has already been hit by air strikes.
But Addis Ababa Saturday said the “aerial engagement has been precise and targets only TPLF’s military depot, weaponry and arsenals”, avoiding “civilian facilities”.
The Tigray government accused Abiy of teaming up with Isaias Afwerki, president of neighbouring Eritrea, for the assault on Mekele.
“The Tigray regional state would like it to be known to friends and enemies alike that it will give proportional response to the massacres and property damages being done by those fascists,” it said.
The TPLF dominated Ethiopian politics for nearly three decades before Abiy came to power in 2018, and it fought a brutal border war with Eritrea that killed tens of thousands between 1998 and 2000.
Abiy won his Nobel in large part for initiating a rapprochement with Isaias in 2018.
Ethiopia has denied enlisting Eritrean military support against Tigray but has acknowledged using Eritrean territory.
Residents of the border city of Humera in western Tigray have told AFP that shells fired from Eritrea hit both residential and commercial structures during fighting earlier this month.
At least one rocket fired from Tigray targeted Eritrea’s capital, Asmara, on Friday night, regional diplomats told AFP. There were no reports of casualties or damage.
The TPLF claimed responsibility for rockets fired towards Asmara two weeks ago, but there was no immediate claim of responsibility for the latest attack.
Global concern has heightened in recent days with world leaders and human rights groups warning of possible rules of war violations during operations.
The UN has spent weeks lobbying — so far unsuccessfully — for full access to Tigray.
Abiy’s office said this week it would open a “humanitarian access route”. Hundreds of UN and international NGO workers are currently in Mekele, but they are grappling with shortages of food, cash and other essentials.
The International Committee of the Red Cross said it had received “1,300 requests from people in Ethiopia and abroad frantically looking to contact their relatives,” adding, “We know this is just the tip of the iceberg.”
Pope Francis on Saturday tweeted for “everyone to pray for #Ethiopia where armed clashes have intensified and are causing a serious humanitarian situation”.
Abiy’s government has said the military campaign in Tigray was triggered by attacks by pro-TPLF forces on federal army camps in Tigray beginning the night of November 3.
Abiy has repeatedly snubbed international calls for a halt to fighting and negotiations with TPLF leaders, saying they need to be disarmed and apprehended.
An AU statement said Abiy told envoys that military operations in Tigray “would not last long”.
The military expects to take control of Mekele “within a few days”, according to a report Saturday from state-affiliated Fana Broadcasting Corporate.
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